Maputo’s unemployment rate stands at 40 pct and is highest in Mozambique

13 September 2006

Maputo, Mozambique, 13 Sept – The Mozambican capital Maputo has the highest unemployment rate in the country, with 40 percent of the active population out of work, which is two and a half times the national average, figures from the country’s National Statistics Institute (INE) showed.

The final figures of the Labor Force Survey, cited Tuesday by daily newspaper Notícias, showed that the region of Maputo had the second-highest unemployment rate in the country (36.3 percent), followed by the provinces of Niassa (31.7 percent), Manica (23.9 percent), and Sofala (21.2 percent).

At the end of last year the average unemployment rate stood at 16 percent.

INE concluded that the unemployment rate was higher amongst the urban population in the south of the country, and amongst women.

In urban areas unemployment was at 31 percent, while in rural areas, where people mainly work in agriculture – whether subsistence or productive – was of just 12.9 percent.

In terms of the qualifications of the Mozambican population, unemployment amongst people without any education stood at 13.9 percent and at 34.2 percent for people with more than a secondary education.

The age group with the highest unemployment rate was the 15-19 bracket, with a rate of 36.8 percent, which the authors of the study believed was due to the high number of youngsters in the country.

In urban areas unemployment amongst young people reached 53.4 percent for men and 60.1 percent amongst women.

The INE was based on interviews with a total of 17,800 families, between October 2004 and September 2005. (macauhub)