Brazil is the largest country in South America, it is the world’s fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 190 million people and the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of over 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana, on the northwest by Colombia, on the west by Bolivia and Peru, on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. It borders with all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.

Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815, when it was elevated to United Kingdom with Portugal and Algarves. The colonial bond was in fact broken in 1808, when the capital of the Portuguese Kingdom was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, after Napoleon invaded Portugal. The independence from Portugal was achieved in 1822. Initially independent as the Empire of Brazil, the country has been a republic since 1889, although the bicameral legislature, now called Congress, dates back to 1824, when the first constitution was ratified. Its current Constitution defines Brazil as a Federal Republic. The Federation is formed by the union of the Federal District, the 26 States, and the 5,564 Municipalities.

The Brazilian economy is the world’s eighth largest economy by nominal GDP and the seventh largest by purchasing power parity. Brazil is one of the world’s fastest growing major economies. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, CPLP, Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations and is one of the BRIC Countries.

The climate of Brazil comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large area and varied topography, but most of the country is tropical. According to the Köppen system, Brazil hosts five major climatic subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical, temperate, and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from equatorial rain forests in the north and semiarid deserts in the northeast, to temperate coniferous forests in the south and tropical savannas in central Brazil.

The form of government is that of a democratic republic, with a presidential system. The president is both head of state and head of government of the Union and is elected for a four-year term, with the possibility of re-election for a second successive term. The President appoints the Ministers of State, who assist in government. Legislative houses in each political entity are the main source of law in Brazil. The National Congress is the Federation’s bicameral legislature, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. Judiciary authorities exercise jurisdictional duties almost exclusively.

Brazilian major export products include aircraft, electrical equipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear, iron ore, steel, coffee, orange juice, soybeans and corned beef.
Capital – Brasília

Largest city – São Paulo

Official language – Portuguese

Area – 8,514,877 km2 (5th) 3,287,597 sq mi

Currency – Real (R$) (BRL)

Time zone – BRT[6] (UTC-2 to -4[6])

Drives on the     right

ISO 3166 code –    BR

Internet TLD –    .br

Calling code –    +55

Government website –


2013 2014 2015
Population (millions) 202.6 202.6 204.26
Gross Domestic Product (10^9 USD) 2190 2244 1800
Real Growth Rate (%) 2.7 0.1 (3,0)
Gross National Income per capita (USD) in PPP 15,700.00 15,800.00 15,800.00
Inflation – annual average (%) 5.9 6.3 10.6
Unemployment rate (%) 5.4 4.8 6.4
Imports (10^6 USD) 241900 229200 174200
Exports (10^6 USD) 242000 225100 189100
Exchange rate to the USD 2.15 2.36 3.42
External debt (10^9 USD) 482,8 712,5 N.A.
External help per capita (USD) 0 0 0
Sources: World Bank


Valor económico

Folha online

Agência Estado

Agência Brasil

Correio Braziliense


Isto é dinheiro

Agência Globo

Portugal Digital

ABN Agência Brasileira de Notícias

Brasil Econômico


Câmara Brasil-China de Desenvolvimento Econômico

Câmara de Comércio e Indústria Brasil-China

Unidade de Apoio às Negociações e Integração Regional

Departamento de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento do Comércio Exterior

Federação e Centro das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo.


Câmara do Comércio e Indústria Luso-Brasileira

Camara Portuguesa de Comercio no Brasil